Health Care — Georgia court reinstates six-week abortion ban – The Hill

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It was a mixed day for abortion rights advocates. We’ll look at the details. Plus: Why the COVID-19 pandemic saw a significant drop-off in worldwide measles vaccinations for children.
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Georgia’s state Supreme Court on Wednesday reinstated the state’s ban on abortions after roughly six weeks of pregnancy. 
The court granted the state’s emergency petition, and pauses a lower court ruling from last week where a judge called the ban “unconstitutional.” 
Reproductive rights groups had argued the state’s abortion ban violates the state’s constitution.  
They won a decision from the Superior Court of Fulton County, where Judge Robert McBurney ruled earlier this month that the ban was invalid. 
According to the ACLU, patients who had scheduled abortion appointments last week are being turned away. 
Many people do not yet know they are pregnant at six weeks, which is the earliest that fetal cardiac electrical activity can be detected. The electrical activity is not the same as a heartbeat, though the legislation is often called a “heartbeat law.”  
Read more here.

A Kansas state court blocked a 2011 law that prohibited doctors from providing medication abortion via telemedicine. 
Shawnee County District Court Judge Teresa Watson granted a temporary injunction barring the enforcement of a state law that requires physicians to administer abortion-inducing drugs while they are in the room with the patient. 
Still, the Kansas Supreme Court may ultimately weigh in before telemedicine abortions are allowed to resume. 
Mifepristone, a drug that blocks hormones necessary for pregnancy, was approved in 2000. It is then followed by misoprostol. 
The FDA temporarily lifted a requirement that mifepristone be dispensed in-person at a clinic or hospital because of the COVID-19 pandemic, and the Biden administration made the change permanent in December, paving the way for doctors to prescribe the drug digitally and then mail the pills to patients. 
In 2020, medication abortion accounted for 54 percent of all pregnancy terminations in the U.S.  
But 18 states have laws that prohibit the use of telemedicine for medication abortion.

In a study published Monday in The Lancet, a massive group of collaborators report the first global estimates of mortality rates from bacterial pathogens.  
The study found that in 2019, 7.7 million deaths around the world were associated with bacterial infection. That estimate made up 13.6 percent, or about 1 in 8, of all global deaths that year.  
This analysis highlights the importance of understanding how many deaths can be attributed to bacterial infection, and the related issue of antimicrobial resistance, which has been steadily on the rise in recent decades.  
Taking a global view puts into perspective how many more deaths could occur if the antibiotics currently in use become less effective.  
The team used 343 million individual records and pathogen isolates to estimate deaths and type of infection responsible. 
Read more here. 

Increased suicide rates among youths between ages 5 and 19 have coincided with growing shortages of mental health care providers at the county level, according to the results of a new study.  
Findings were published in JAMA Pediatrics and reflect data from 2015 and 2016.  
However, national data show more than 157 million Americans currently live in an area with a shortage of mental health care professionals.  
A total of 5,034 youth died by suicide within the study window, the majority of whom were male and white.  
Before adjusting for confounding factors, researchers found counties with provider shortages had a 41 percent higher youth suicide rate, at 5.09 deaths per 100,000 youths, compared with 3.62 deaths per 100,000 in areas without shortages.
Of the 3,133 counties included in the study, more than two-thirds had shortages of mental health care providers. These counties were more likely to have more uninsured children, lower educational attainment, higher unemployment and poverty, and were more often rural.  
Read more here. 

Worldwide measles vaccinations in children declined significantly during the COVID-19 pandemic, making the disease an “imminent threat” worldwide, according to a joint report released Wednesday from the World Health Organization (WHO) and the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). 
In 2021, a record high of nearly 40 million children missed a measles vaccine dose: nearly 25 million children missed their first dose, an 11 percent increase from 2020. An additional 14.7 million children missed their second dose, the report found, the lowest levels of vaccination since 2008. 
Delays increase the risk of measles outbreaks, and the agencies said now is the time for public health officials to accelerate vaccination efforts and strengthen surveillance. 
“For a disease like measles that’s so highly infectious, that really leaves us with an enormous number of unvaccinated children and just very high levels of risk for outbreaks and for the disease to cross borders. … Measles anywhere is a threat everywhere,” said Cynthia Hatcher, one of the report’s authors who oversees CDC’s African measles elimination work. 
Read more here.



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